# Seminar: January 29

## Siu-On Chan, University of California at Berkeley

## Approximation Resistance from Pairwise Independent Subgroups

We show optimal (up to constant factor) NP-hardness for Max-k-CSP over any domain, whenever k is larger than the domain size. This follows from our main result concerning predicates over abelian groups. We show that a predicate is approximation resistant if it contains a subgroup that is balanced pairwise independent. This gives an unconditional analogue of Austrin-Mossel hardness result, bypassing the Unique-Games Conjecture for predicates with an abelian subgroup structure.

Our main ingredient is a new technique to reduce soundness, which is inspired by XOR-lemmas. Using this technique, we also improve the NP-hardness of approximating Independent-Set on bounded- degree graphs, Almost-Coloring, and Two-Prover-One-Round-Game.